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Travis Motley, DPM

Plantar Fasciitis/Fasciosis

Mon, 03/22/2021 - 05:00

Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2021 Apr;38(2):193-200. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2020.12.005. Epub 2021 Feb 13.


Many randomized controlled trials demonstrate the effectiveness of conservative treatment of plantar fasciitis. Patients with acute plantar fasciitis generally respond to treatment more rapidly and more predictably than patients with chronic plantar fasciitis. If conservative treatment fails, endoscopic plantar fasciotomy offers patients a more prompt return to activity compared with open procedures.

PMID:33745651 | DOI:10.1016/j.cpm.2020.12.005

An Alternative Technique for Fixation of Tongue-Type Calcaneal Fractures: The "Hurricane Strap".

Mon, 05/04/2020 - 08:55
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An Alternative Technique for Fixation of Tongue-Type Calcaneal Fractures: The "Hurricane Strap".

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2020 May - Jun;59(3):560-567

Authors: Ernst J, Ryba D, Duncan K, Motley T

Traditionally, tongue-type calcaneal fractures have been treated using screw fixation or tension band wiring. In this work, we aim to present a technique guide for an alternative approach to fixation of these fractures given the high potential for failure with traditional methods. Additionally, we present the results of 4 patients treated with this technique. A modified lateral extensile incision is made for application of a midfoot fusion plate that is pre-bent and fit to the calcaneus with 2 holes covering the superior surface of the calcaneus for bicortical interfragmentary purchase. Four screws are then placed orthogonally into the calcaneus through the plate. Typically, this allows for 2 screws to be placed in the superior fragment and 2 screws to be placed in the inferior fragment. All 4 patients went on to timely osseous union and were weightbearing in regular shoe gear at their last follow-up appointment. Average follow-up time was 16.5 (range 15 to 21) months. We believe that the "hurricane strap" provides a more mechanically sound construct than other methods. This construct may be especially useful in patients with osteoporotic bone where screws alone may not maintain adequate reduction or in neuropathic patients where noncompliance with weightbearing status may jeopardize maintenance of reduction.

PMID: 32354512 [PubMed - in process]

Novel Investigation of the Deep Band of the Lateral Plantar Aponeurosis and Its Relationship With the Lateral Plantar Nerve.

Fri, 08/09/2019 - 04:04
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Novel Investigation of the Deep Band of the Lateral Plantar Aponeurosis and Its Relationship With the Lateral Plantar Nerve.

Foot Ankle Int. 2019 Aug 06;:1071100719864352

Authors: Beck CM, Dickerson AR, Kadado KJ, Cohen ZA, Blair SE, Motley TA, Holcomb JC, Fisher CL

BACKGROUND: We describe a thick fascial band arising from the medial aspect of the lateral plantar aponeurosis diving deep into the forefoot crossing over a branch of the lateral plantar nerve. Because a review of current literature resulted in limited and outdated sources, we sought to first determine the frequency of this fascial band and the location where it crosses the lateral plantar nerve and, second, discuss the clinical applications these anatomical findings could have.
METHODS: 50 pairs of cadaveric feet (n = 100) were dissected to investigate for presence of the fascial band and its interaction with the lateral plantar nerve. Images were taken of each foot with the fascial band. ImageJ was used to take 2 measurements assessing the relationship of the tuberosity of the base of the fifth metatarsal to where the nerve crossed deep to the fascial band.
RESULTS: Overall, 38% of the feet possessed the fascial band. It was found unilaterally in 10 pairs and bilaterally in 14 pairs. On average, the point at which the lateral plantar nerve passed deep to the fascial band was 2.0 cm medial and 1.7 cm anterior to the tuberosity of the base of the fifth metatarsal.
CONCLUSION: When present, the deep band of the lateral plantar aponeurosis (PA) was consistently found to be crossing the lateral plantar nerve. The discovery of the location where this most commonly occurs has not been previously reported and adds an interesting dimension that elevates an anatomical study to one that has clinical potential.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The established target zone gives a precise location for where the relationship between the deep band of the lateral PA and the lateral plantar nerve exists when evaluating the foot. The target zone provides a potential springboard for future investigations concerning said relationship clinically.

PMID: 31387386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Foot Ulcers Treated with Clostridial Collagenase Ointment or with a Product Containing Silver.

Wed, 01/30/2019 - 08:38
Related Articles

Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Foot Ulcers Treated with Clostridial Collagenase Ointment or with a Product Containing Silver.

Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle). 2018 Oct 01;7(10):339-348

Authors: Motley TA, Caporusso JM, Lange DL, Eichelkraut RA, Cargill DI, Dickerson JE

Objective: To compare outcomes of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated with clostridial collagenase ointment (CCO) or silver-containing products, both in combination with sharp debridement as needed. Approach: One hundred two subjects with qualifying DFUs were randomized to daily treatment with either CCO or a silver-containing product for 6 weeks followed by a 4 -week follow-up period. The primary outcome was the mean percent reduction in DFU area. A secondary outcome was the incidence of ulcer infections between groups. Results: At the end of treatment, the mean percent reduction in area from baseline of DFUs treated with CCO was 62% (p < 0.0001) and with silver was 40% (p < 0.0001). The difference between groups-22%-was not statistically significant (p = 0.071). Among ulcers closed by the end of treatment, the mean time to closure was 31.1 ± 9.0 days versus 37.1 ± 7.7 days, respectively (not statistically significant). There was a numerically greater incidence of target ulcer infections in the silver group (11, 21.6%) than in the CCO group (5, 9.8%; p = 0.208). No clinically relevant safety signals were identified in either group. Innovation: CCO treatment can progress a wound toward closure. Ulcer infection prophylaxis may not be sacrificed when treating DFU with CCO in lieu of silver-containing products. Conclusion: Both CCO and silver-containing products promote significant reduction in DFU area over 6 weeks of treatment with no clinically relevant safety concerns. Mean percent reduction in lesion area was numerically (22%) but not significantly greater with CCO compared to silver, as was time to ulcer closure, with an incidence of ulcer infection at least as low as for silver-containing products.

PMID: 30374419 [PubMed]

Stability of Locking Plate and Compression Screws for Lapidus Arthrodesis: A Biomechanical Comparison of Plate Position

Sat, 02/24/2018 - 05:00

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2018 May-Jun;57(3):466-470. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2017.10.025. Epub 2018 Feb 19.


Lapidus (first tarsometatarsal joint) arthrodesis is an established and widely used procedure for the management of moderate to severe hallux valgus, especially in cases involving hypermobility of the first tarsometatarsal joint. Multiple fixation methods are available, and several previous investigations have studied the relative strengths of these methods, including dorsomedial and plantar plating comparisons. However, these studies compared plates of varying designs and mechanical properties and used varying modes of compression and interfragmentary screw techniques. The present study mechanically investigated the resulting motion, stiffness, and strength of identical locking plate constructs fixed at various anatomic positions around the first tarsometatarsal joint. In a bench-top study, fourth-generation composite bones were divided into 3 fixation groups, each having identical interfragmentary screw applications, and randomized to 1 of 3 plate positions: dorsal, medial, or plantar. The plates applied in each case were identical locking plates, precontoured to fit the anatomy. Each construct was experimentally tested using a cantilever bending approach. The outcomes obtained were stiffness, yield force, displacement at yield, ultimate force, and displacement at ultimate force. The plantar plate position showed superior initial stiffness and force to ultimate failure. The plantar and medial plate positions exhibited superior force to yield. The medial plate position was superior regarding displacement tolerated before the yield point and catastrophic failure. The dorsal plate position was not superior for any outcome measured. Plantar and medial plating each offered biomechanical benefits. Clinical studies using similarly matched constructs are required to show whether these findings translate into improved clinical outcomes.

PMID:29472168 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2017.10.025

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Metatarsal Head Resurfacing Implants for Treatment of Hallux Rigidus

Sun, 08/27/2017 - 05:00

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017 Sep-Oct;56(5):1052-1057. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2017.05.010.


Controversy remains regarding the use of arthroplasty versus arthrodesis in the surgical treatment of late-stage hallux rigidus. The purpose of our retrospective study was to report the long-term follow-up results of the metatarsal head resurfacing implant used for hemiarthroplasty. The patient assessments were conducted using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) metatarsophalangeal clinical rating system and a satisfaction questionnaire. A total of 59 consecutive implantations were performed from January 2005 to December 2009 at our institution. Of the 59 patients, 2 had died and 12 were lost to follow-up, for a 76.3% follow-up rate (45 of 59 procedures) at a mean of 117.67 (range 96 to 143) months. The mean overall AOFAS scale score was 90.6 ± 7.6. The AOFAS pain scale score was 37.78 ± 4.71. One implant was removed, and all remaining patients were happy with their outcome and would repeat the procedure on their other foot, if needed. A subset of patients from a previous mid-term study at our institution showed no significant change in the AOFAS scale scores. Of these 32 patients, 30 (93.75%) were available for follow-up examination at a mean of 122.62 (range 96 to 143) months. We were able to obtain long-term results for 32 implants (30 patients), resulting in a 10-year follow-up rate of 93.7%. With the minimal resection required for this implant, salvage arthrodesis remains a viable option if revision is needed. The surgical treatment of late-stage hallux rigidus with metatarsal head resurfacing allows for low-risk and excellent outcomes at long-term follow-up point.

PMID:28842091 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2017.05.010

Comparing the Knotless Tension Band and the Traditional Stainless Steel Wire Tension Band Fixation for Medial Malleolus Fractures: A Retrospective Clinical Study

Tue, 06/14/2016 - 05:00

Scientifica (Cairo). 2016;2016:3201678. doi: 10.1155/2016/3201678. Epub 2016 May 12.


The traditional stainless steel wire tension band (WTB) has been popularized for small avulsion fractures at the medial malleolus. Despite the tension band principle creating a stable construct, complications continue to arise utilizing the traditional stainless steel WTB with patients experiencing hardware irritation at the tension band site and subsequent hardware removal. Coupled with hardware irritation is fatigue failure with the wire. The goal of this investigation was to retrospectively compare this traditional wire technique to an innovative knotless tension band (KTB) technique in order to decrease costly complications. A total of 107 patients were reviewed with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Outcome measures include descriptive data, fracture classification, results through economic costs, and fixation results (including hardware status, healing status, pain status, and time to healing). The KTB group had a 13% lower true cost as compared to the WTB group while the fixation results were equivocal for the measured outcomes. Our results demonstrate that the innovative KTB is comparable to the traditional WTB while offering a lower true cost, an irritation free reduction all without the frustration of returning to the operating room for additional hardware removal, which averages approximately to $8,288.

PMID:27293969 | PMC:PMC4880701 | DOI:10.1155/2016/3201678

Comparison of Hallux Interphalangeal Joint Arthrodesis Fixation Techniques: A Retrospective Multicenter Study

Tue, 05/12/2015 - 05:00

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016 Jan-Feb;55(1):22-7. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2015.04.007. Epub 2015 May 8.


Few studies have investigated the complications that occur after hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis. The present study evaluated complications in 152 patients aged 18 to 80 years from 2005 to 2012 from 4 different academic institutions after hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis. Overall, 65.8% of the patients had ≥1 complication. Infections occurred in 16.5%, dehiscence in 12.5%, and reoperations in 27.0%. The clinical nonunion rate was ≥17.8%, and the radiographic nonunion rate was ≥13.8%. After logistic regression analysis, only the study site and peripheral neuropathy were associated with having ≥1 complication (p < .01 and p < .05, respectively). Single screw fixation compared with other fixation did not have a statistically significant influence on the postoperative complications. However, when fixation was expanded to 4 categories, single screw fixation had lower infection and reoperation rates than either crossed Kirschner wires or other fixation category but not compared with crossed screws on multivariate logistic regression analysis. Although additional studies are warranted, the findings from the present study might aid in both the prognosis of complications and the support of the use of a single screw over crossed Kirchner wire fixation in hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis.

PMID:25960055 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2015.04.007

Surgical treatment of hallux rigidus using a metatarsal head resurfacing implant: mid-term follow-up

Fri, 07/09/2010 - 05:00

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2010 Jul-Aug;49(4):321-5. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2010.04.007.


The treatment of advanced hallux rigidus remains controversial, with many authors discussing arthrodesis versus arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to report mid-term outcomes after implantation of a motion-preserving metatarsal head-resurfacing prosthetic and to present our technical considerations and modifications to the published technique to further enhance the clinical benefit of the procedure. Thirty-two implantations were performed in 30 patients. Twenty-three patients were women, 9 men. The average age was 62.8 years (range, 39-86 years). Patients were graded at baseline according to Hattrup and Johnson and completed the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Surgery metatarsophalangeal clinical rating system preoperatively and postoperatively and a patient satisfaction question at final follow-up. Seventy-two percent of implantations were grade III hallux rigidus and 28% were grade II. The average follow-up was 27.3 months (range, 12-43 months). The mean change score for the overall American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Surgery scale was 236.8% (SD = 146.62, confidence interval [CI] = 186-287.6). A similar result was achieved between grade II (250.9%, SD = 240.3, CI = 93.9-407.9) and grade III (231.3%, SD = 95.83, CI = 195.14-270.46). No implants were revised or removed, and all patients stated that they were happy with their outcome and would repeat the procedure again if needed. In conclusion, metatarsal head resurfacing in combination with joint decompression, soft tissue mobilization, and debridement can achieve excellent results in grade II and III hallux rigidus. Salvage arthrodesis remains an option if future revisions are indicated.

PMID:20610200 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2010.04.007

The role of viscosupplementation in the ankle using hylan G-F 20

Sat, 08/30/2008 - 05:00

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008 Sep-Oct;47(5):377-84. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2008.06.013.


The use of intra-articular injections of high molecular weight elastoviscous solutions of hyaluronan or hylans (cross-linked derivatives of hyaluronan) to treat arthritis is termed viscosupplementation. The function of viscosupplementation is to restore the rheologic properties of synovial fluid. Although anecdotal data exist, no long-term studies regarding the use of viscosupplementation in the ankle have been published to date. The goal of this clinical trial was to compare pain reduction following ankle arthroscopy versus that following ankle arthroscopy combined with weekly intra-articular instillation of hylan G-F 20 during the first 3 postoperative weeks. In the series of patients described in this report, we found that both treatment groups experienced statistically significantly decreased pain following the intervention (P = .002 and P = .0009 for the arthroscopy alone and arthroscopy plus hylan groups, respectively), and that those who received 3 intra-articular injections of hylan G-F 20 following ankle arthroscopy improved statistically significantly (P = .0014) more than did those who underwent arthroscopy as a sole therapy. These preliminary results suggest that viscosupplementation combined with arthroscopy may be more beneficial than arthroscopy alone, and provide further insight into the role of viscosupplementation in the treatment of ankle osteoarthritis.


PMID:18725116 | DOI:10.1053/j.jfas.2008.06.013

Evaluation of fibula free flap donor site morbidity

Tue, 12/20/2005 - 05:00

Am J Otolaryngol. 2006 Jan-Feb;27(1):29-32. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2005.07.003.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate foot and ankle function in a series of patients undergoing fibula microvascular free tissue transfer.

STUDY DESIGN: A nonrandomized, nonblinded analysis was performed using the ankle-hindfoot scale as well as radiographic analysis to determine donor site morbidity.

RESULTS: Overall, foot ankle function was deemed to be good in this series of patients. Average ankle-hindfoot score was 84.82 of a possible 100 (range, 55-100). Radiographic analysis of donor and contralateral ankles showed no difference in the syndesmotic space or medial clear space. Only 1 patient had increased talar tilt compared with the contralateral side, although this patient had preservation of stability.

CONCLUSION: Fibula free flap harvest appears to be associated with acceptable donor site morbidity and preservation of good foot and ankle function in most individuals.

PMID:16360820 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjoto.2005.07.003

Protein C deficiency: podiatric medical relevance and case report

Sat, 09/17/2005 - 05:00

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 Sep-Oct;95(5):491-3. doi: 10.7547/0950491.


We describe the management of a patient who presented to a family-practice clinic with gangrenous digits. After a thorough evaluation, she was found to have protein C deficiency, which produced a hypercoagulable state. Differential diagnosis in the evaluation of the coagulopathic patient with appropriate hematologic tests is briefly discussed.

PMID:16166470 | DOI:10.7547/0950491

Bone matrix therapy for aneurysmal bone cysts

Sat, 07/23/2005 - 05:00

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2005 Jul-Aug;95(4):394-7. doi: 10.7547/0950394.


Aneurysmal bone cysts are unique pathologic entities that cause pain and local osseous destruction. Many surgical treatment modalities have been described. This article reports on the case of a 16-year-old high school athlete with left heel pain due to an aneurysmal bone cyst in the calcaneus. Curettage of the bone cyst was performed, and the void was filled with a commercially available mixture of cancellous bone and demineralized bone matrix. Early return to athletic activity was achieved, with no recurrence noted at 3-year follow-up.

PMID:16037557 | DOI:10.7547/0950394

Placement of solid screws with cannulated precision

Wed, 11/24/2004 - 05:00

J Surg Orthop Adv. 2004 Fall;13(3):177-9.


Cannulated screws can be inserted in a precise manner with minimal damage to surrounding structures but lack the mechanical strength of solid screws. Our method allows the insertion of a solid screw with the precision of the cannulated technique. With the use of equipment from a variety of operative sets from one manufacturer, a "custom" equipment set can be developed. This "custom" equipment set allows the surgeon to benefit from the strength of solid screws while preserving the precision of a cannulated system.


Adding stability to the crescentic basilar first metatarsal osteotomy

Tue, 09/21/2004 - 05:00

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2004 Sep-Oct;94(5):502-4. doi: 10.7547/0940502.


Crescentic basilar osteotomies for metatarsus primus varus and hallux valgus allow for substantial correction of the first intermetatarsal angle and the hallux valgus angle. Crescentic osteotomies have two well-documented pitfalls: sagittal plane instability and difficulty in fixation. We describe the addition of a plantar shelf to crescentic basilar osteotomy that allows for easier fixation and less risk of elevation of the first metatarsal postoperatively. This plantar shelf is made in the metaphyseal portion of the first metatarsal, which provides the benefit of better bone healing. In 20 patients, we found an average reduction in the intermetatarsal angle of 9.3 degrees and an average reduction in the hallux valgus angle of 21.8 degrees. Eight weeks postoperatively, only one patient showed elevation of the first metatarsal.

PMID:15377728 | DOI:10.7547/0940502